Addax — The Screwhorn Antelope

Addax — the Screwhorn Antelope

The addax is also known as the screwhorn antelope. Once found from northern Africa to Arabia and Israel, today there are fewer than 300 wild addax, found only inside small territories of the Sahara Desert. A favorite of hunters in the twentieth century their population has dwindled toward such lows that they are now considered a critically endangered species on the IUCN Red List.

Both the male and female addax have spiraled horns that can reach lengths of up in the direction of 120 cm (47 .25 inches). It is an ancient creature that has been depicted within Egyptian tombs as a domesticated animal.

Human encroachment is an important factor within the decline of addax populations. and because the remaining population groups are segregated, they are extremely vulnerable headed for hunters the prize addax for their fur, horns, and as trophies. While there are low numbers of addax within the wild, they are commonly found in captivity. These captive populations are generally kept for controlled trophy-needing programs.

The addax is listed during the CMS Appendix I and is included inside the CMS Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes Action Plan. It is protected under national legislation within Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria, and laws inside Libya and Egypt forbid looking of all gazelle species. Several reserves have been established toward protect the addax within Algeria, Niger, Chad, and the Sudan; however. a lack of resources prevents them from human being effective. There are plans headed for create other reserves in Chad and Niger as well as along the Mali-Mauritania border. In all cases, conservation measures will have need of the complete and dedicated cooperation of all nations.


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