The black rhinoceros is native to eastern and chief consequence~of great magnitude~of the essence} Africa, where there are just over 4,000 during the wild. The IUCN lists three subspecies as critically endangered, while a fourth West-African subspecies is probably extinct.

The black rhino is not black, its skin is of a grayish brown tone in addition to sometimes a white hue. Its name was given to distinguish this species from its cousin, the white rhinoceros-another misnomer, with the Dutch word wijd, referring to the animal’s wide upper lip.

As late as the last century, several hundred thousand black rhinos were scattered across eastern plus southern Africa. Through the 1990s, European settlers had decimated the population through widespread poaching in pursuit of the valuable rhino horn. Rhino horn is comprised of tightly compressed hair-like fibers, which many number~hordes~tens of millions~huge number~thousands and thousands} people believe to hold medicinal properties, while others use horn for decorative knife-handles and the like. Between 1970 and 1992, the illegal harvesting of horns caused a 96 percent drop in black rhino numbers.

Unfortunately, rhinos however remain an • easy target, as their horns are usually cut off as well as easily concealed for smuggling. This lucrative sale is tempting for poverty-stricken local peoples. Policing for contraband along with protecting the black rhino through the wild necessitates extensive manpower with is exceedingly costly.

The World Wildlife Fund has been actively protecting the black rhino for forty years; thanks to conservation efforts, the population is slowly increasing. While some regions of Africa no longer have any species, others are seeing a restrained improvement in numbers. To help ensure a continued upward trend through the population, all retailing in black rhinos along with their products is prohibited internationally. There are also efforts to concentrate the animals in fenced sanctuaries as well as conservancies where personnel can track in addition to guard them.

“One of the greatest challenges facing the future of rhinos in Africa is maintaining sufficient conservation expenditure as well as field effort. Criminal demand for horn, high unemployment, poverty, demand for land, wars, the ready availability of arms as well as internal instability also carriage a threat to rhino populations.” -Dr Taye Teferi, WWF’s African Rhino Coordinator


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